Documents and Reports
Below are links to documents and reports about the CIA's extraordinary rendition and torture program that are relevant to the NCCIT.
The Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program
A report compiled by the bipartisan United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (SSCI) about the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)’s Detention and Interrogation Program and its use of various forms of torture (“enhanced interrogation techniques” in U.S. government communiqués) on detainees between 2001 and 2006 during the War on Terror. This is a 525 page summary of the of the 6000 page report. (Twenty “key findings” of the report can be found here.)
Alleged secret detentions and unlawful inter-state transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states
An investigation by Dick Marty and the Council of Europe into how more than 20 European countries had cooperated with the CIA for the purposes of secretly transporting and detaining individuals suspected of terrorism. Suspects were held indefinitely and tortured at these secret detention centers, or “black-sites.” Flight records and the testimony of survivors link North Carolina based planes and pilots to many of these same locations.
This policy report, Deborah Weissman and the UNC School of Law Human Rights Policy Seminar, reviews the efforts to obtain compliance with U.S. human rights obligations, transparency about the torture program, and relief for victims of torture."
"It is now well established that following the attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) operated a global, state-sanctioned program in which it abducted scores of people throughout the world, held them in secret detention—sometimes for years—or “rendered” them to various countries, and tortured or otherwise ill-treated them. While the program officially ended in 2009, the cover-up of these crimes appears to be ongoing. [...]
We believe that an independent and impartial investigation that has access to the full Senate report, other information that the government continues to keep classified, and interviews with current and former detainees, would yield further evidence of crimes and identify more suspects than we do here." - Human Rights Watch
"The American Psychological Association's (APA) position on torture is clear and unequivocal: Any direct or indirect participation in any act of torture or other forms of cruel, degrading or inhuman treatment or punishment by psychologists is strictly prohibited. There are no exceptions. Such acts as waterboarding, sexual humiliation, stress positions and exploitation of phobias are clear violations of APA's no torture/no abuse policy."
From the North Carolina School of Law’s Immigration and Human Rights Policy Clinic: "Following the attacks on New York, Pennsylvania, and the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, the United States began a number of programs aimed at preventing further attacks and bringing to justice those responsible for the attacks. One example is the CIA’s extraordinary rendition program. [...] In January of 2012, the North Carolina School of Law’s Immigration and Human Rights Policy Clinic released a report entitled The North Carolina Connection to Extraordinary Rendition and Torture. That report set out a factual record about Aero Contractors, Ltd. (“Aero”), a North Carolina company, and its involvement in the CIA’s program of extraordinary rendition. [...]
This policy paper identifies the laws that Aero has violated and the causes of action that the individuals rendered have against Aero. This policy paper also identities the major obstacles that the rendered individuals must overcome in order to litigate their claims successfully in a United States court of law, either at the federal or state level."
From the Open Society Foundation: "Globalizing Torture is the most comprehensive account yet assembled of the human rights abuses associated with CIA secret detention and extraordinary rendition operations. It details for the first time what was done to the 136 known victims, and lists the 54 foreign governments that participated in these operations. It shows that responsibility for the abuses lies not only with the United States but with dozens of foreign governments that were complicit."
From the Constitution Project: "[The Task Force Report on Detainee Treatment] is the product of more than two years of research, analysis and deliberation by the Task Force members and staff. It is based on a thorough examination of available public records and interviews with more than one hundred people, including former detainees, military and intelligence officers, interrogators and policymakers. Task Force staff and members conducted on-the-ground fact-finding in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Lithuania, Poland and the United Kingdom, and also at Guantanamo Bay.
Although the investigation proceeded without the advantages of subpoena power or access to classified information, we believe it is the most comprehensive record of detainee treatment across multiple administrations and multiple geographic theatres yet published."
The Immigration/Human Rights Policy Clinic of the UNC School of Law produced this groundbreaking report on North Carolina's role in CIA extraordinary rendition and torture. The report is based on evidence obtained from a review of hundreds of documents including declassified and other U.S. government materials; investigative reports from international institutional sources, journalists’ sources, public documents pertaining to airports located in Smithfield and Kinston, NC and the testimony of individuals who survived extraordinary rendition. It sets out a factual record about Aero Contractors, a company based in North Carolina, and its role in the program known as extraordinary rendition and details the ways in which the state of North Carolina and its political subdivisions have facilitated Aero’s participation in this program. The report has been endorsed by international human rights specialists including Prof. Manfred Nowak, past UN Special Rapporteur on Torture, Prof. Martin Scheinin, past Special Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms While Countering Terrorism, and Senator Dick. Marty who served as president of the Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights, Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly.